An Introduction to Mine Hydrogeology by Pradipta Kumar Deb

By Pradipta Kumar Deb

An creation to Mine Hydrogeology briefly describes the topic of hydrogeology in order that this information might be built-in into mine improvement making plans. It emphasizes not just the hydrochemical but in addition the actual affects of the hydrogeological atmosphere at the mine and its atmosphere. additional, it discusses the methodologies utilized in mine hydrogeological stories, showcased by means of chosen reviews on Indian mines.

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11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 00 BDL pH Conductivity at 25 °C (lmhos/cm) Turbidity (NTU) Colour (0H) TDS (mg/l) Total coliform (MPN/100 ml) Total hardness (mg/l as CaCo3) Calcium (mg/l as Ca) Magnesium (mg/l as Mg) Fluoride (mg/l as F) Chloride (mg/l as Cl) Sulfate (mg/l as So4) Alkalinity (mg/l as Caco3) Silica (mg/l as Sio2) Sodium (mg/l as Na) Potassium (mg/l as K) Iron (mg/l as Fe) BDL Below Detection level References 25 References Deb PK (2001) Hydrogeological investigation for proposed cement plant at Nonghkhleih, Jaintia Hills district, Meghalaya.

Karstification is, therefore responsible for location and movement of both the confined and unconfined ground water bodies. In the unconfined aquifer naturally the first bench of Karstification is one involved below water table. At Sonadih, it appears that unconfined aquifer extends down to a depth of 30 m. As the thickness of shale bands increases below a depth of 30 m, ground water occurring below this depth seems to be under confined condition. However, it is clear that the area offers a set of anisotropic aquifers as the ground water occurrence and movement are entirely controlled by the solution joints.

Confining materials on top and bottom of the aquifers like clay or shale beds are to be identified which acts as a confining medium and makes the aquifer confined or artesian one. For a running open cast mine, some times mine gets flooded by inrush of ground water flow hindering mining operation. In such cases, on the pit floor, a sump is made where water is allowed to percolate in it and being pumped out. Interestingly, in most cases, pumped out water returns to the same aquifer causing repeated problem of ground water in rush to the mine.

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