An Introduction to Logic and Scientific Method by Morris R. Cohen, Ernest Nagel

By Morris R. Cohen, Ernest Nagel

An advent to common sense and medical approach is a school point primer on common sense. This booklet used to be largely utilized by students particularly these learning economics as an creation to logical idea in practise for highbrow discourse. Ludwig von Mises used to be identified to claim that every one scholars of economics should still learn this publication as a primary step of their education as economists.

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The kind of people who opposed a God-ordained pope found little to like in the idea of a divinely inspired king, and the kind of people who wanted to choose their religious heads thought the idea suited politics just as nicely. A link of antiauthoritarian rebellion can be seen between Francis Bacon’s new method and Oliver Cromwell’s new model army, although one can hardly imagine that the two men would have agreed on anything other than that the pope should be quiet most of the time. Bacon lived, thought, and died in an age where the medieval authorities and institutions everywhere broke into Greek ruins; they were not demolished entirely, but the partial structures left behind no longer inspired awe so much as remembrance.

Soon enough the monks had developed a mechanical clock based on something called the “verge and foliot” system. This device, originally intended to inform monks of their appointed prayer hours, soon spread like the flu in a daycare. By the end of the thirteenth century, church towers featured clocks. These timekeepers had neither hands nor a face but made lots of noise to signify the time to pray. It must have been hard to ignore the big noisy things. Astronomers noticed them and built clock faces that used the power of this new mechanism to keep the date.

Believers needed to be able to read the Bible themselves so as to reduce their reliance on the Church. Perhaps most tellingly, the Protestant congregations chose their preachers and presbyters (elders). Contrast this bottom-up, nearly democratic function with the way in which the Catholic Church appointed priests and bishops from above. It makes sense that in the late seventeenth century British Protestants would align so closely with Parliamentarianism. The kind of people who opposed a God-ordained pope found little to like in the idea of a divinely inspired king, and the kind of people who wanted to choose their religious heads thought the idea suited politics just as nicely.

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