By Douglas Walton
This paintings takes an analytical examine the philosophical notion of fallacy and offers an up to date critique of its usefulness for argumentation reports.
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Extra resources for A Pragmatic Theory of Fallacy (Studies in Rhetoric and Communication)
The ad Misericordiam Fallacy 221 9. The ad Populum Fallacy 224 10. Toward a Theory of Fallacy 228 Chapter Eight: A Theory of Fallacy 232 1. What a Fallacy Is Not 233 2. Six Basic Characteristics of Fallacy 237 3. A Fallacy Is an Illusion or Deception 240 4. A Dilemma for Fallacy Theory 244 5. Sophistical Tactics 249 6. The New Definition of Fallacy 254 7. Properties of the New Concept of Fallacy 257 8. The Charge of Fallacy 262 9. The Balancing Aspect of Argumentation 266 10. The Dilemma for Fallacy Theory Revisited 269 Chapter Nine: Putting the Theory to Work 273 1.
What is needed is an analysis of several of these types of dialogueat least the ones that are most prominent in studying the contexts of argumentation of the major informal fallacies. Although formal dialogues in the Hamblin style have been constructed by Mackenzie (1981; 1990), the pluralism of these structures leaves open the question of how they might be used to define or clarify the concept of fallacy. Hintikka (1987) also proposed a shift in our approach to fallacy that leads in the same direction.
The kind of conversation van Eemeren and Grootendorst (1984; 1992) describe as the normative framework for reasoned argumentation is called the critical discussion. A critical discussion is a type of dialogue in which there are two participants who have a conflict of opinion. The goal of the critical discussion is the resolution of this conflict of opinion through argumentation, according to the rules appropriate for the critical discussion. The critical discussion is a normative model of reasonable (good, ideal) dialogue against which texts of argumentative discourse can be evaluated.