A History of Anthropological Theory by Paul A. Erickson

By Paul A. Erickson

Within the newest variation in their renowned assessment textual content, Erickson and Murphy proceed to supply a complete, reasonable, and obtainable creation to anthropological idea from antiquity to the current. a brand new part on twenty-first-century anthropological conception has been additional, with extra insurance given to postcolonialism, non-Western anthropology, and public anthropology. The e-book has additionally been redesigned to be extra visually and pedagogically attractive. Used by itself, or paired with the significant other quantity Readings for a heritage of Anthropological thought, Fourth Edition, this reader deals a versatile and hugely resource for the undergraduate anthropology classroom.

For extra assets, stopover at the "Teaching conception" web page at www.utpteachingculture.com.

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546), who speculated that everything in the world came from water. Another was Anaximander (c. 622–c. 547), a pupil of Thales, who said that the original substance of the cosmos was not a known element but “something boundless” and undifferentiated. A third pre-Socratic was Empedocles (c. 490–c. 430), sometimes called an ancient precursor of Darwin. Empedocles believed that the cosmos evolved as different constituent elements encountered one another and formed larger bodies that survived if they were useful, a process vaguely resembling natural selection.

Renaissance thinkers came to realize that the ancients possessed a fuller and more satisfying grasp of human nature than did the austere Christians of the Middle Ages. Renaissance interest in the ancient world produced a new sense of time, which no longer seemed static, but capable of producing change—change as dramatic as that represented by the difference between the ancient and medieval worlds. This realization led to a systematic contrast of ancient and medieval ways of life and, in turn, to a questioning of the authority of the medieval Catholic Church based on a preference for secular alternatives from the past.

The second subfield, archaeological anthropology, is the study of artifacts, or the material remains of past human activity. Prehistoric archaeologists specialize in studying the artifacts of peoples without written records, while historical archaeologists specialize in studying the artifacts of peoples with written records. Archaeologists cooperate with a wide range of other specialists, including geologists, biologists, and historians. The third subfield, linguistic anthropology, is concerned with the nature of language in general and with the nature, history, and social function of the multitude of particular languages spoken and written around the world.

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