A Grammar of Nzadi B865 : A Bantu language of Democratic by Thera Marie Crane, Larry M. Hyman, Simon Nsielanga Tukumu

By Thera Marie Crane, Larry M. Hyman, Simon Nsielanga Tukumu

This book provides the 1st documentation of Nzadi, a Bantu language spoken via fishermen alongside the Kasai River within the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). it's the manufactured from wide learn by way of the authors and individuals in box tools and crew research classes on the college of California, Berkeley, and involves ten chapters masking the segmental phonology, tone process, morphology, and sentence constitution, by way of appendices at the Nzadi humans and heritage and on Proto-Bantu to Nzadi sound adjustments. additionally integrated are 3 texts and a lexicon of over 1100 entries, together with a couple of fish species. ahead of this paintings, Nzadi had no longer even been pointed out within the literature, and at the present nonetheless has no access as a language or dialect within the Ethnologue. Of specific curiosity within the examine of Nzadi is its substantial grammatical simplification, leading to constructions relatively assorted from these of canonical Bantu languages. even if Nzadi has misplaced many of the inherited agglutinative morphology, there are nonetheless recognizable type prefixes on nouns and a reflex of noun category contract in genitive buildings. different components of specific curiosity are human/number contract, tense-aspect-mood marking, non-subject relative clause structures, and WH query formation. This succinct, yet entire grammar offers huge insurance of the phonological, grammatical and semantic homes that may be of power curiosity not just to Bantuists, Africanists and people drawn to this sector of the DRC, but in addition to typologists, common linguists, and scholars of linguistics.

Show description

Read or Download A Grammar of Nzadi B865 : A Bantu language of Democratic Republic of Congo PDF

Similar anthropology books

The Religion of the Ancient Celts

This vintage examine by way of a individual student, first released in 1911, builds upon the surviving texts of the traditional Celtic faith, in addition to present people customs. subject matters contain nature worship and customs regarding the tradition of the lifeless, together with rites of rebirth and transmigration.

The Domestication of Language: Cultural Evolution and the Uniqueness of the Human Animal

Language didn't evolve basically within the far-off previous. Our shared knowing of the meanings of phrases is ever-changing, and we make wakeful, rational judgements approximately which phrases to exploit and what to intend by way of them each day. making use of Darwin’s concept of “unconscious synthetic selection” to the evolution of linguistic conventions, Daniel Cloud indicates a brand new, evolutionary reason for the wealthy, complicated, and continuously reinvented meanings of our phrases.

Bone voyage: a journey in forensic anthropology

A husband preserved in mothballs, a vigilante sufferer encased in crimson dust, and convicts crushed and burned in a jail rebellion are just the various situations of loss of life tested right here via forensic anthropologist Stanley Rhine. Drawing on situations he labored for the hot Mexico place of work of the clinical Investigator, Rhine demonstrates how unidentified skeletal is still point out race, intercourse, age, top, and eventually identification and the way the expert decodes skeletal anomalies to set up explanation for dying.

Spaces of Culture: City, Nation, World

In areas of tradition a global crew of students examines the results of questions equivalent to: what's tradition? what's the dating among social constitution and tradition in a globalized and networked international? Do severe views nonetheless observe, or does the rate and complexity of cultural creation call for new varieties of research?

Extra info for A Grammar of Nzadi B865 : A Bantu language of Democratic Republic of Congo

Example text

32] NC: Cs: /mb/ /nd/ /Ng/ [ndz] /ts/ /ks/ /fs/ /ms/ [nts] /Ns/ /rs/ /nk/ (7) (4) (7) (1) (3) (2) (1) (1) (4) (6) (1) (3) pambú mpçndç@ màáNgu&l mpandzí o-dyatsa o-vuksa o-dEfsa o-kumsa o-bán@tsa o-gçNsa o-sarsa o-sçnka ‘worm’ ‘millet’ ‘mango’ ‘rib’ ‘to lead’ ‘to mix’ ‘to lend’ ‘to praise’ ‘to think’ ‘to expand’ ‘to help’ ‘to write’ cf. m-pE@mbE@ o-bçndçl o-zaNgul ‘white’ ‘to please’ ‘to lift up’ o-zitsa o-niksa o-dE^f ‘to obey’ ‘to grind’ ‘to borrow’ o-yuntsa o-bçNsa ‘to try’ ‘to repair’ o-mçnka ‘shine, be visible’ In the above table [ndz] is in brackets because it could derive from either /ndz/ or /nz/.

As seen, when directly preceded by kó, it becomes H-H. á bç& ‘to them’. 34] cf. 1). Either way the prefix vowel is H and the stem becomes HL unless it is underlyingly LH. The only difference between nouns and pronouns concerns ndé ‘him/her’. e. kó m@b vâ ‘to the dog’, ndé does not change. The pronoun ndé thus appears to be treated as if it were a LH rising tone whose H does not change. 33]. The question is how to interpret the above tonal changes. On the one hand they might be viewed as arbitrary, with HL replacing L, H, and LHL stem tones after kó (and genitive é, to be discussed below).

Cw or Cy) sequence. The maximum size monosyllabic stem is thus CGVVC, of which six entries occur in the lexicon including the verbs o-byE@E$r ‘to drum’, o-nwaan ‘to fight’, and o-swáàn ‘to argue’. e. not with a Cw or Cy sequence or on a long vowel. ) L and HL, on the other hand, can appear with any syllable shape. g. *dé- ‘eat’, *kú- ‘to die’, *pá- ‘give’. The H of CV syllables is thus in complementary distribution with the HL of other syllable shapes. 49] 53 L-L L-HL L-H o-C(G)V(V)(C) o-C(G)V(V)(C) o-CV L L -L L H -L L H -L As seen, verb roots have either /H/ or /L/ tone.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.62 of 5 – based on 23 votes